Poisonous Plants to Cats and Dogs

According to the Humane Society of the United States (HSUS) data, there are more than 700 species of plants in the world that pose a threat to animal health. Here are some of the most common plants poisonous to cats and dogs in the United States, as well as the measures that should be taken immediately after prevention and discovery of poisoning.

Common plants poisonous to cats and dogs at home

Ivy
The most common concentrated ivy plants in the United States include English Ivy, Sweetheart Ivy, California Ivy, Branching Ivy, Glacier Ivy and Needlepoint Ivy. Ivy leaves are very toxic. Symptoms after pets eat by mistake include diarrhea, vomiting, excessive salivation, and abdominal pain.
Lily
Liliaceae and their bulbs are not harmful to dogs, but they are quite deadly to cats. Especially for its bulbs, even a small bite can cause kidney failure. Other symptoms include vomiting, loss of appetite, and depression.
Lily of the Valley
Lily of the valley contains Cardiac Glycosides, which has an adverse effect on the heart rate of pets, and may cause severe arrhythmia or seizures. It can also cause gastrointestinal diseases such as vomiting and diarrhea. It should be noted that lily of the valley is not only toxic to pets, but also harmful to children.
Wisteria
Wisteria flowers are purple, pink, and white. Seeds and seed pods are the most dangerous and harmful to pets and young children.
Foxglove
Digital foxglove is poisonous to pets and people. It can cause vomiting, diarrhea, muscle weakness and heart failure. In addition, the water soaked with foxglove flowers in the vase is also toxic to pets, so be careful even indoors.
Oleander
Oleander is an outdoor evergreen plant that can thrive in warm climates. Its delicate flowers come in many colors, from pink to red to white, and yellow. But its flowers and leaves are poisonous to pets and humans.
Aloe Vera
The soothing substances in aloe vera gel are very helpful for human abrasions and burns. Many friends will grow a few at home as a spare. But don’t let pets touch it! Symptoms of pets that have eaten aloe vera include depression, vomiting, diarrhea, trembling, discolored urine, and low appetite.
Daffodil and Tulip
The bulbs of daffodils and tulips are very dangerous for cats and dogs! If your dog likes to plow the soil, it is best not to plant such plants on the ground. Symptoms of pets eating these plants include excessive saliva, loss of appetite, vomiting, diarrhea, low blood pressure, trembling body and arrhythmia. Similar flowers include Hyacinth, Snowdrop, Crocus, and Iris.
Sago Palm
Sago palm looks like a dwarf palm tree, but in fact it belongs to the cycad family, also known as cycads, cycads, cycads, etc. It can be grown indoors and outdoors, and it is easy to take care of. But sago palm, including its seeds, is very toxic to pets and may even cause death. Symptoms of pet poisoning include vomiting, diarrhea, thirst, depression, seizures, and liver failure.
Tomato Plant
Most parts of the tomato plant are poisonous to pets. Although the leaves, vines or stems of tomato plants are not fatal to pets, the toxins in them can cause great discomfort, including weakness, excessive saliva, vomiting, diarrhea, and movement disorders.
Potato
Potatoes are also plants of the Solanaceae family, and all Solanaceae plants contain toxic solanine. So don’t feed potatoes to dogs, and the green parts of potato plants are also toxic to pets.
Buttercup
Because eating buttercups can cause blistering in the mouth, most cats and dogs will not eat a lot. However, ingestion of a small amount can cause vomiting, blood in the stool, dizziness and drooling. Buttercups can also cause skin allergies when pets come into contact with their bodies.
Chrysanthemum
Chrysanthemum is also a flower commonly grown in American families. It contains a natural insecticide-Pyrethrins. If eaten by cats and dogs, it will cause excessive saliva, vomiting and diarrhea, and severely will bring depression and exercise difficulties.
Cyclamen
Cyclamen is also a very popular indoor plant. Its leaves are very beautiful and it is even more colorful when it blooms, but you must keep your pets away from it. The roots of this plant are highly poisonous, and if swallowed, it can cause severe vomiting and even death.
Amaryllis
Hippeastrum, which is often seen in gardening stores and various plant exhibitions, is toxic to cats and dogs and can cause body tremors, excessive saliva, difficulty breathing, diarrhea and vomiting.
Poinsettia
Poinsettia, as a popular Christmas decoration flower, is also toxic to cats and dogs, but compared to the other plants we mentioned, its toxicity is relatively mild. Its milky white juice can irritate pets’ skin and cause mild gastrointestinal discomfort if taken. But it rarely causes serious poisoning.
Oregano
Oregano is a common spice, and many people in the United States like to grow it in their yards. Cats can cause intestinal discomfort if they eat it, but it is usually not serious. However, the essential oil of oregano is more harmful to cats and can cause liver failure.
Milkweed
If ingested, it can cause vomiting and diarrhea. In severe cases, it may cause arrhythmia.
Azalea
Rhododendron is one of the most common and beautiful landscape plants in the United States, but for cats and dogs, the entire azalea is poisonous. Eating only a few leaves can also cause vomiting and diarrhea, and cause long-term effects.
Castor (Castor Bean, Castor Oil Plant, Ricinus Communis)
Castor is also one of the most popular horticultural plants in the United States. It usually has palm-shaped leaves in green, blue-gray or purple-red. But there is a toxin called ricin in the seeds of castor bean. If a dog chews the seeds of castor bean, he may experience severe diarrhea, tremor, sweating, vomiting, abdominal pain, fever and other symptoms within 6 hours. In severe cases, it may even cause death due to low blood pressure.
Hosta
Hosta is a shade-loving plant, so many families like to plant it on the shade. It is toxic to cats and dogs, if you must plant it, you can consider planting Coral Bells as an alternative.
Yew
Taxus chinensis is also a very popular evergreen landscape shrub, it is hardy, easy to live, and its fruit is very beautiful red berries. But its bark, leaves and seeds can affect the central nervous system of dogs and cats.
Morning Glory
The seeds of morning glory contain lysergic acid, which can cause hallucinations, orientation disorders, tremors, and gastrointestinal problems in cats and dogs.

How to prevent cats, dogs and pets from eating poisonous plants by mistake?

Many plants have strong and special smells and tastes, which allow pets to keep their distance naturally. But there are still some pets who can’t escape the drive of curiosity, and will actively touch or even bite. So prevention and training are the key. Here are a few methods to try:
Citrus + coffee grounds: The peels of citrus fruits such as lemons, oranges, oranges or grapefruits emit pungent odors, which most pets don’t like. Grind them, add coffee grounds to enhance the smell, and then mix it into the soil. Every time you water the plants, the smell will come out again. Many pets don’t like this taste, and coffee and citrus peel is still a good fertilizer.
Pet Repellents Sprays: There are some pet repellents sprays that can be safely sprayed on bushes, gardens and even outdoor furniture. Curious pets will never come close.
Plants that cats and dogs don’t like: Dogs and cats also have some plants they don’t like. You can plant them on the periphery of the garden to act as a barrier so that they will not get close to dangerous plants. For example, dogs do not like Bergamot, Rue, Citronella and Calendula, while cats do not like Lavender and Rosemary.
Fence: It is also a good choice to use nets or fences directly, but remember to be firm and keep a certain distance from the plants, and pay attention to the height to prevent pets from jumping over.
Zoning: If you can make some space in the yard as a pet-friendly area, they may not harass other flowers and plants. For example, you can prepare a special place for dogs to dig the ground, or use Catnip and Honeysuckle that cats like to attract cats.
Ultrasonic training device: There is also an ultrasonic training device that can also train cats to stay away from the garden. It will emit a high-frequency sound that cats don’t like very much, making them dislike going into the garden.
Scarecrow Sprinkler: This kind of scarecrow sprinkler has a motion capture function. It is installed in the garden, and cats and dogs will automatically spray water when they get close to scare them away.

How to tell if cats and dogs pets have been poisoned?

Although the toxicity of plants is different, and pets are also different, generally speaking, animals, especially domestic pets, will have some common signs to follow after being poisoned, including:
Loss of appetite;
Vomiting;
Diarrhea or abnormal stool;
Irregular body function;
Respiratory distress;
Uncoordinated movements;
Weak;
Lethargy;
Excessive drool.

You should always try to know your pet’s daily habits, behaviors, and routines so that you can find problems quickly and save time.

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