Dog Vaccination Guide in 2021

Having a dog is like having a child. It takes a lot of time and effort to ensure that they will grow up healthy and strong. With a dog’s life expectancy typically ranging from 12 to 15 years, how can you do your best to make sure they live a happy and joyful life? It is vital to do your homework on vaccinations. So where do you go in the United States to get your dog’s vaccinations? What types of dog vaccines are available in the United States? What are the required vaccinations? How often should they be given? I believe these are things that many newbies need to know in advance. Today we will tell you in detail about the process of vaccination and vaccination precautions for dogs in the United States.

Dog Vaccine Types

Essential vaccines

These are vaccines that all dogs must have. They protect dogs from serious and deadly global diseases.
Rabies vaccine, which is a mandatory vaccine regardless of region.
DHPP (Distemper + Hepatitis + Parvovirus + Parainfluenza), which protects against distemper + microvirus + hepatitis and influenza. There are also five or six companies of vaccines such as DHLPP. L is Leptospirosis and C is Coronavirus. This vaccine is commonly used to prevent distemper, which is extremely contagious and has a mortality rate of over 80%.

Alternative vaccines

The risk of infection is assessed based on geographic location, local environment, or lifestyle, and the need for injection is determined.
Leptospirosis – Vaccination depends on the region. Caused by Leptospira canis or Leptospira hemorrhagicus, with zoonotic risk.
CoronaVirus – This virus causes varying degrees of diarrheal gastroenteritis in dogs.
Lyme Disease – Transmitted through the bite of mosquitoes such as trick and flea. Dogs with Lyme Disease may develop fever, decreased appetite, and lameness.
Bordetella – Prevention of Kennel Cough is a complex infection caused by a bacterial virus that is extremely contagious and is recommended if your dog goes out a lot or is with other dogs, or if you are in an area with a high prevalence of the virus.

Vaccine Schedule

According to the American Animal Hospital Association (AAHA), puppies should be vaccinated every three to four weeks at 6 to 16 weeks. The last shot is given at approximately 14-16 week-age and includes the first rabies shot.
Rabies: first shot in 16 week-age; refills every 1 or 3 years as an adult depending on the type of vaccine.
DHPP combination vaccine: first dose in 6 to 8 weeks; second dose 9 to 11 weeks; third dose 12 to 14 weeks; fourth dose 16 to 17 weeks, followed by yearly refills.

Charges

The price of the vaccine depends a lot on the area you live in, and it varies from area to area. Generally speaking, the price of DHPP and DHLPP(quadruple and quintuple vaccine) is around $75 – $100. Rabies vaccine price is around $15 – $20.
If the dog is adopted by Shelter, you can go to the designated clinic to get the vaccination after applying for township funding, so that the vaccination is free on a fixed date every year.

Where to have dog vaccines?

Local Veterinary Hospitals
Choose to go to your local veterinary hospital to create a growth profile for your dog, and then have your veterinarian schedule a series of health checks and vaccinations for you without having to worry about it at all. Of course, because of this, vaccinations are usually a little more expensive this way.
Large chain pet stores
Some large pet chain stores in the United States offer mobile doctor vaccination services on weekends, such as Petco’s Vetco and Pet Supply Plus’ VIP vet.
The prices are cheap and do not require a consultation fee. Usually, a vaccine package usually costs less than $100 and includes DHPP, Leptospirosis, Bordatella, Lyme, rabies, deworming and fecal test. Before the injection, the assistant doctor will ask about the dog’s condition and then advise you on what vaccines to give.

Appointment Websites

Petco: Petco is one of the largest pet supply retailers in North America. Its main business includes the retail of pet products (pet range covers cats, dogs, fish, reptiles, small pets), pet washing services, pet (mainly stray dogs and cats) adoption, pet boarding, pet training, veterinary and some live animal sales. Petco has many brick-and-mortar stores in North America, in almost all major cities, and of course, all of their products are available for purchase on their website.

Pet Supply Plus: Founded in 1988 and located in Redford, Michigan, Pet Supplies Plus is a privately held pet supply retailer with a significant presence in the United States and is the third largest specialty pet food retailer in the country.

 

What are the adverse reactions to dog vaccinations?

During the vaccination process, dog vaccine adverse events include any reactions that may endanger the dog’s health, like life-threatening allergic reactions, or failure of the vaccine to produce an immune response. They all have the potential to endanger the dog’s health.
1. No side effects at all
In this regard, dogs and humans are the same. If a dog does feel pain or fatigue after a vaccination, but briefly and mildly, that is normal.
2. Mild side effects
Reduced physical activity and slight swelling or discomfort at the injection site are the most common side effects in puppies. This is because the dog’s immune system is fighting off foreign invaders, namely the antigens in the vaccine.
For example, the antigen in the rabies vaccine is the killed rabies virus. After the vaccination, the immune system is activated to produce antibodies against the killed rabies virus so that if it sees it again, the dog has protective immunity. Any resulting pain, swelling and fatigue should subside within one to two days.
3. Severe but uncommon allergic reactions
Although allergies in dogs are less common, the following signs indicate an allergic reaction and dogs must be seen by a vet as soon as possible.
1). Persistent vomiting;
2). Continuous diarrhea;
3). The dog’s body collapse, such as falling, fainting, sudden cessation of consciousness;
4). Swelling of the nose and mouth, face or eyes, and a head that looks like it is swollen or enlarged
5). Rash, itchy red lumps on the skin under the fur of the trunk, abdomen or chest;
6). Difficulty breathing, which sounds like a loud breathing noise or looks like struggling to breathe, with a blue face.

These reactions are considered to be an adverse reaction and they usually occur between a few minutes and hours after the dog has been vaccinated. The longer the time between the vaccine and these reactions, the less likely the vaccine is to cause them.
If these symptoms occur after the vaccination, the dog is usually considered life threatening and it is recommended that the dog be taken to the doctor immediately.
Note: It is important to note that regardless of the vaccine, the vaccine should only be administered if the pet is healthy. For example, fever, vomiting, sneezing, runny nose, and other abnormal conditions are definitely not acceptable for vaccination.

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