Common Oral Diseases in Pets and Caring Tips

Pet oral health is a problem that is easily overlooked in daily pets. Studies have found that oral diseases seriously threaten the health of pets, and even affect their life span. Therefore, keeping pets must pay attention to oral care, brush its teeth regularly in life, and if conditions permit, you can regularly wash the teeth and clean tartar to ensure oral health.

Common oral diseases in pets

Dental plaque
It is mainly caused by bacteria, vegetable scraps, food residues, and saliva in the oral cavity attached to the surface of the teeth. Dental plaque is the culprit of most oral diseases. Therefore, daily removal of dental plaque is the key to preventing oral diseases.
Tartar
A type of stone attached to the surface of the teeth and the upper and lower edges of the gums. This is due to poor oral hygiene. Under the action of bacteria, calcium and phosphorus deposits form deposits. It is also the culprit of bad breath and periodontal disease. Once dental calculus forms on the pet’s teeth, it is difficult to remove.
Gingivitis
Gingivitis is the precursor of periodontal disease. A lot of food debris will accumulate in the place where the gums and teeth meet, causing a large number of bacteria. After bacteria invade the gums, it will cause inflames.
Periodontal disease
Periodontal disease can cause gum pus to swell, inflame and bleed, severely damage the gum tissue, cause a large amount of loosening of the teeth, and eventually lead to tooth loss.
Tooth decay
When the bacteria are gradually spreading, they will produce an acidic substance. When this acidic substance comes into contact with the tooth, it will slowly dissolve the tooth enamel to form caries, which is called tooth decay.
Malocclusion
There are two reasons. One is that the pet’s upper and lower jaws develop problems, which can cause them to fail to open and close normally; the other is that the permanent teeth are blocked by the deciduous teeth and ectopic growth occurs.
Broken tooth
Teeth wear and even break when biting hard objects.

How to help brush teeth for cats and dogs?

Age is an important factor on periodontal disease, so the mortality rate of elderly dogs and cats suffering from oral diseases is higher. Therefore, if possible, it is best to start brushing after 5-6 months of changing teeth for dogs and cats. Prevention from an early age is also easier to train.
Choosing the right toothpaste and toothbrush
First of all, toothpaste must be selected for pets, because toothpaste will be swallowed by pets. In the initial training, you can give priority to the tastes and tastes, which will be easier for pets to accept and you will be more convenient to train. When dogs and cats are used to the taste of toothpaste, then choose toothpaste with a good brushing effect. Toothpaste containing abrasive ingredients has a small grainy feeling when rubbed with your fingers. Generally, toothpaste for dogs and cats can be used in general, mainly according to their pets. The adaptability to choose.
Beginners recommend using a finger toothbrush. The toothbrush is placed on the index finger. The thumb of the same hand can also be gently pulled down the corner of the mouth so that the upper and lower gums of the pet will be exposed to your vision. Then use a pet toothbrush. Choosing pet toothbrush depends on the body size. If the body size is too small and the toothbrush is not suitable for pets, baby toothbrush is a solid choice.
Training
Step 1: First find a brushing posture that is comfortable for dogs and cats, and then don’t rush to brush their teeth. First, let them adapt to your touching their mouths and teeth. Rub their teeth slowly with your hands. You can praise them when you touch them. Let them relax.
Step 2: Let them familiarize themselves with the taste of toothpaste. You can squeeze out a little bit for the pet to lick or wipe on the nose, then gradually wipe the toothpaste on the hands, rub the teeth with your hands, and then compliment them in a timely manner.
Step 3: Try to brush with a toothbrush. At the beginning, you can open its mouth from the side a little, and gently brush the lower teeth surfaces. If you can’t come up, you can force the brush for a long time. The length of time increases gradually according to the resistance of cats and dogs. After getting used to it, you can hold your head with one hand, put your thumb in the middle of your mouth, and brush its teeth with the other hand. Of course, this still depends on your pet’s character. Then you must immediately use lovely words and snacks after each attempt to brush its teeth.
The fourth step: repeated training. This is a long-term, step-by-step process that cannot be rushed. After success, try to brush each tooth as much as possible. The frequency of brushing varies from pet to pet. About 3 times a week if the oral condition is good, but if you already have dental calculus, try to brush every day to prevent new plaque bacteria. After each success, give a small snack reward, the last step of the snack reward can be stopped after a period of time.

Precautions for pets brushing teeth

The younger your pet is, the easier it is to get used to brushing, but you should pay attention to the time when your pet changes teeth. Cats are 3-6 months old, and dogs are 3-7 months old. This period of time is the time to cultivate habits and set rules, but when you train to brush teeth, you should be gentle. It is best to use soft tools such as finger toothbrushes, because permanent teeth need a certain amount of time to grow strong.
Many owners often start to pay attention to brushing pets’ teeth after they have oral problems and have treatments. If the pet has symptoms like swollen gums after washing the teeth, owners are advised to wait for 2-3 days, and then brush the pets after the gums are swollen. Especially for pets after tooth extraction, please follow your doctor’s advice for brushing time.
When you first brush your pet’s teeth, it may have bleedings. If the gum itself is not red or swollen, it is actually the same phenomenon as gum bleeding when we brush our teeth. Don’t worry about it, just keep brushing for a period of time. If your pet has other symptoms at the same time, please treat it with caution.
Pets who eat wet food usually develop dental plaque and stones earlier than pets who eat dry food, so brush its teeth as soon as possible.
Never use human toothpaste to brush your pet’s teeth. It is toxic. For example, sorbitol, which is used as a moisturizer, can cause pet diarrhea and other intestinal problems. When you buy toothpaste for pets, you must check the formula to understand the specific role of the ingredients.

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