Common Causes and Treatments of Vomiting in Dogs

Why do dogs vomit?

Ingestion of foreign objects or toxic substances
Dogs are really the number one eaters! Such as purses, toilet paper, wool, hair, plastic bags, clever floor mats, etc., these foreign objects may harm the stomach and cause vomiting. But in fact, it has something to do with whether you can train a dog… When it comes to training, I believe many people will say that I want to train a dog too~ but he can’t learn it. But my answer is: no training can’t be done. There are only owners who can’t train. This is the answer I got after a series of training courses

Food allergy
Some dog vomiting conditions are caused by simple food allergies, which usually occur when they try new foods for the first time. If there is such a similar situation, I suggest that the new food should be suspended first, and it is recommended to change the food in a gradual manner, not at one time. After all, it takes a certain time for the dog’s stomach to adapt to the new food. Of course, some dogs have strong gastrointestinal tracts and can switch to food without pain. This is another matter.

Eat too fast
Everyone should have heard that dogs sometimes eat too fast and will vomit after a while. The food they vomit is usually the same as what they ate at first. However, this way of vomiting usually has no other signs of discomfort, that is, maintaining mobility and appetite.

Exercise vigorously just after eating
This is the same as us, eating a full meal should not be a strenuous activity, the stomach is easy to become uncomfortable and cause vomiting. Even some large dogs have stomach torsion, which may cause death, so you really need to pay more attention to this. Especially after eating a full meal, don’t let the dog do strenuous activities immediately.

Disease caused
In fact, any disease may cause signs of vomiting. I will list a few of the more common ones.
Intestine: foreign body, acute inflammation, inflammatory bowel disease (usually chronic), constipation
Organ dysfunction: liver disease, kidney disease, pancreatitis
Endocrine: hyperthyroidism (hyperactive thyroid), elevated calcium, diabetic ketoacidosis
Nervous system diseases: encephalitis (inflammation of the lining of the brain), cancer
infectious disease
Cancer: It may be the direct cause, such as bowel cancer. But it can also be indirect, such as mast cell tumors in the skin
Parasitic infection: Common parasites, such as tapeworms, roundworms, hookworms, etc., may also be the main cause of vomiting in dogs.
Pancreatitis: If the dog vomits and is accompanied by diarrhea, it may be a sign of pancreatitis. It is recommended to seek medical attention immediately.

What should I do when my dog vomits?

If your dog is healthy, it does not look abnormal, but when he vomits suddenly, we must be vigilant, and we must carefully recall and observe the dog’s condition. This is necessary to take to the veterinary hospital later. It will be very helpful.

Observe the following points
And the following points should be observed by the owner, because this may be the question the veterinarian will ask you.
Has the dog been exposed to plants and other toxins?
When does the vomiting start?
What is the normal diet for dogs?
Does a dog usually eat anything on the ground when he goes out?
What’s in the vomit? What color is it?
Is the dog taking medicine?
Is there still diarrhea?
Is the dog’s appetite good?
When did vomiting occur (related to diet or other activities)?
Is the dog losing weight?
Does the dog drink and urinate?
Will dogs bite plastic? Or wool, sofas, slippers, etc.?
Is the dog in good spirits?

Observe the dog’s vomit and color
As mentioned above, the color of the vomit is very important, which will be of great help to the follow-up veterinarian’s diagnosis.
Yellow vomit: This is bile and may be a sign of liver disease, but it usually occurs on an empty stomach. But it may also be that the cat ate something yellow.
Easy to know what they eat: This may be vomiting caused by the esophagus or on an empty stomach.
White foamy vomit: As above, this is usually vomiting caused by the esophagus or on an empty stomach.
Blood in vomit: Blood may come from the mouth, esophagus or stomach.
Vomit has the appearance of coffee grounds: This type is caused by bleeding in the stomach, most commonly in ulcers.
Brown, smelly vomit: This may be due to upper gastrointestinal bleeding.
Undigested food in vomit: This may be a food allergy, obstruction or almost anything that causes upper gastrointestinal irritation can occur. It is important to know what the dog ate the last time. For example, if the dog does not eat for a day, but the vomit is undigested food, it means that the digestive system may be blocked.

Be sure whether to take to the veterinary hospital
If the dog has been exposed to plants and other toxins, usually eats things on the floor when going out, has diarrhea, has a lot of drinking and urine, or even has bleeding-like vomiting color, it is recommended to take it to a veterinary hospital for an evaluation immediately. If it is just a simple food allergy, diarrhea after taking medicine, hungry for too long, vomiting yellow bile, vomiting after eating too fast, these can still be observed for a day or two. If you still have symptoms of persistent vomiting, it is recommended to take it to the veterinarian for evaluation, because these symptoms are not very urgent. However, if you think that these conditions are accompanied by a cat’s loss of appetite and significant decrease inactivity, I still recommend seeking medical attention immediately.

Diagnosis and treatment of dog vomiting

Treatment largely depends on the underlying cause of the dog’s vomiting. Veterinarians usually do some basic diagnoses first, such as blood tests, stool analysis, and X-rays to make an accurate diagnosis. Sometimes, the veterinarian may recommend taking an ultrasound of the abdomen to more accurately assess the symptoms of internal organs.
In the case of chronic symptoms or more difficult to diagnose, further diagnosis may be required, such as a blood test for pancreatitis, or even surgery to obtain more accurate information to find out the root cause.
Common treatments for dog vomiting caused by inflammation of the stomach or intestines (gastroenteritis) include feeding a mild diet or anti-vomiting drugs.

More serious diseases usually require intensive treatment, like intravenous drips, hospitalization with injectable drugs, and in some cases surgery. The most important thing for all of this is to follow the veterinarian’s instructions and keep in touch with the veterinarian you trust.

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