Vaccines for dogs in Australia
This is one of the most common fatal infectious diseases happened to dogs, especially puppies. Symptoms appear quickly, such as: foul smell, bloody diarrhea, vomiting, loss of appetite, depression, and severe dehydration. Puppies can also have serious complications, such as severe enteritis (inflammation of the small intestine) that can be fatal.
This is a contagious and potentially fatal disease, especially affecting puppies. Since most dogs are vaccinated with this vaccine, it is rarely seen now. Symptoms of the disease are:
Sneezing, coughing, stuffy nose, eye problems, vomiting, diarrhea, loss of appetite, lethargy
Severe neurological symptoms, such as seizures and paralysis
Infectious Canine Hepatitis (Adenovirus): There are two forms of this virus that can affect the health of dogs.
Hepatitis A can cause acute liver failure, causing canine hepatitis (IHC)
Type B may be part of kennel cough. Symptoms include vomiting, cough, jaundice, loss of appetite, abdominal pain, weight loss, alcohol abuse, and increased urination.
4. Dog Cough (Canine Tracheitis)
Commonly known as “kennel cough”. It is an infectious respiratory disease that dogs of all ages may suffer from. It is a combined infectious virus and bacterial disease. The symptoms are dry cough, rhinorrhea, loss of appetite, and severe pneumonia.
The puppy will be very uncomfortable with kennel cough. Kennel cough is quite common in adult dogs, it is easily spread in boarding kennels, and even though the air in dog contacts. Vaccinated dogs usually have milder symptoms than unvaccinated dogs. The treatment method is the use of anti-inflammatory drugs, antibiotics, and cough suppressants.
Classification of vaccines in Australia
Australian dog vaccines are mainly divided into core vaccines and non-core vaccines.
1. Core vaccine: Canine distemper virus + canine parvovirus + canine adenovirus (hepatitis), these three are the so-called C3 triple vaccines
2. Non-core vaccines: Kennel cough (parainfluenza virus + Bordetella) and Leptospira
The following is the meaning of the major covalent vaccines
C3= Canine distemper virus + canine parvovirus + canine adenovirus (hepatitis)
Vaccination (immunization) is an important means to protect puppies from some potentially fatal diseases. In the first few weeks of puppies’ lives, their mother provides them with antibodies through her milk. These antibodies can fight disease and give puppies immunity. However, maternal antibodies cannot be sustained, so puppies need to be vaccinated to produce autoantibodies. This can strengthen their own immunity, so that they can be protected from disease in adulthood. Puppies usually have three courses of vaccination at intervals of about 4 weeks.
Puppy vaccination time
First injection: 6-8 weeks (C3), canine distemper, hepatitis and parvovirus. This injection is usually given to the puppy before the puppy breeder gives it to you.
Second shot: 12-14 weeks (C5) canine distemper, hepatitis, parvovirus, Bordet’s virus and parainfluenza virus. This is usually the first vaccination given to your puppy by the new veterinarian. At Gordon Animal Hospital, we vaccinate your puppies and give them a health check (physical examination) to make sure they are healthy. We will also discuss many other problems you may encounter as a new pet owner (see health check below)
The third shot: 16-18 weeks (C3) canine distemper, hepatitis, parvovirus, Bordet’s virus and parainfluenza virus. This is the last puppy vaccination. Puppies should be isolated from dogs with unknown vaccination/health status until the final puppies vaccination is completed. This means that they should not mix with dogs that may not have been vaccinated. Vaccine enhancers are needed every year to maintain your puppy’s life and health. Your veterinarian will remind you every year when your puppy needs a big vaccine booster.
Tips: If your puppy is already older when you adopt it, it can start vaccinating at any time.
Adult dog vaccination time
1. Canine cough vaccination once a year
2. Vaccination of C3 vaccine (core vaccine) every three years
Tips: The core vaccine is once every three years. The non-core vaccine is based on the animal’s living environment, including the geographical location, environment and lifestyle. It is best to take your pet to the veterinarian for communication during the annual routine physical examination. Suitable for specific types of vaccination.
Popularization of pet vaccines in Australia
Why do puppies/kittens need to be vaccinated three times?
Vaccines allow animals to produce corresponding antibodies through minimal exposure to viruses. Vaccination is actually training the immune system.
The puppies/kittens have just been weaned at 6-8 weeks, and the mother’s antibodies received through breast milk still exist in the body. The first shot of the vaccine actually counteracts the antibodies in the breast milk in the puppies/kittens, so The first shot is equivalent to zeroing and cannot produce virus antibodies. This is why it has been forbidden for puppies/kittens that have only received one shot to go out to contact other animals. Although the vaccine was given, it is still easy to get the virus.
The second shot of the vaccine is the one that is really effective. The vaccine gradually produces antibodies in the body, but it is still not strong enough. After the second shot, many VETs agreed to pets to go out and contact other friends, but it must be noted that there is still a certain chance of contracting the virus during this period.
The third shot is to consolidate the effect of the vaccine. After three shots, you have basically built up your own antibodies, and you can embrace nature.
The price of the vaccine has a lot to do with the area where you live. Different areas charge differently. The price in urban areas is definitely more expensive than in towns. The specific cost may be different for each VET. You can consult the cost before making an appointment for a vaccination. The additional cost includes routine health check-ups and consultation fees. The following fees are for reference.
C3: 60-70 knives
C5: 85-90 knives
Where to get vaccinations？
Australian Pet Hospital
Choose to go to the local pet hospital to establish a growth profile for your dog, and then the veterinarian will arrange a series of health exams and vaccinations for you, so you don’t have to worry about it at all. Of course, because of this, usually the price of vaccines in this way is slightly more expensive. Below are some Sydney and Melbourne pet hospitals recommended by the editor for reference.
Address: 24 Villiers St, North Melbourne VIC 3051
Phone number: (03) 9328 3021
U-Vet Werribee Animal Hospital
Address: 250 Princes Hwy, Werribee VIC 3030
Phone number: (03) 9731 2000
Greencross Vets South Melbourne
Address: 220 Ferrars St, South Melbourne VIC 3205
Phone number: (03) 9699 9137
Hampton Veterinary Hospital
Address: 6 Thomas St, Melbourne VIC 3188
Phone number: (03) 9521 0211
Address: Level 1, 1 Richardson Place, North Ryde 2113, Sydney, NSW
Phone: – (02) 9889 0289
Sydney Animal Hospitals Newtown
Address: 69-73 Erskineville Rd, Erskineville NSW 2043
Phone number: (02) 9519 4111
Sydney Animal Hospitals Inner West
Address: 1A Northumberland Ave, Stanmore NSW 2048
Phone number: (02) 9516 1466
Sydney Animal Hospitals Kellyville
Address: 106 Windsor Rd, Sydney NSW 2155
Phone number: (02) 8883 0533
Canberra Veterinary Hospital
Address: Cnr Barton and Federal Highway, Lyneham ACT 2602
Phone number: (02) 6241 3333
Animal Referral Hospital
Address: 15/2 Yallourn St, Fyshwick ACT 2609
Phone number: (02) 6280 6344
Large chain pet store
Some large chain pet stores in Australia will provide weekend mobile doctor vaccination services, such as Gordonvet, Petbarn, etc., the price is cheap, no consultation fee is required, the doctor’s assistant will ask the dog in detail before the injection, and then specifically advise you on what injections. .
Dog Vaccine Reservation Website
1. Petbarn: Petbarn is Australia’s leading online pet store, with a series of unparalleled products, you can buy food, snacks, health care products, medical products, shower gel, clothing nests, etc. that your cats and dogs need. Petbarn’s is a store where all pet supplies are gathered. From food to play to use, everything is available~
2. Gordonvet: Gordonvet Animal Hospital is an independent medical institution that has served in the North Shore for more than 40 years. What makes Gordon Animal Hospital proud is the professional pet care service and the compassion and empathy for animals and their owners. Gordon Animal Hospital is equipped with complete facilities, professional technology, and advanced pet care medical pieces of equipment, giving a one-stop service. In this way, you will get an immediate diagnosis and your sick pet can have better care. The hospital is equipped with two operating rooms, radiology, ultrasound, laboratory, dentistry and endoscopy.
Some adverse reactions and side effects
Because the vaccine stimulates the animal’s immune system, a mild reaction sometimes occurs. The most common occurrence occurs within the first few hours after vaccination, including allergic reactions, skin sensitivity in the vaccinated area and fever. These symptoms usually disappear by themselves within one to two days.
Mild side effects
Reduced physical activity and slight swelling or discomfort at the injection site are the most common side effects in puppies. This is because the dog’s immune system is fighting off foreign invaders, the antigens in the vaccine.
For example, the antigen in a rabies vaccine is killed rabies virus. After vaccination, the immune system is activated to produce antibodies against the killed rabies virus, so that if it sees it again, the dog has protective immunity. Any pain, swelling, and fatigue caused by this should subside within one to two days.
Severe but uncommon allergic reactions
If you find that your pet has the following symptoms for more than two days, please take them to VET immediately.
1. Constant vomiting
2. Persistent diarrhea
3. The dog’s body collapses, such as falling, fainting, and sudden cessation of consciousness
4. The nose, face or eyes are swollen, and the head looks swollen or enlarged
5. Skin rash, itchy red bumps appear on the skin under the trunk, abdomen or chest fur
6. Difficulty breathing, sounds like loud breathing noise, or looks like struggling to breathe, face turns blue
Compared with direct exposure to major infectious diseases without vaccination, the relative risk of vaccine adverse reactions is very small. Please vaccinate correctly to prevent the occurrence of major diseases.
What are the expenses of keeping pets in Australia?
Vaccination. Newborn pets need to be given three shots within 4 months, and the cost of each shot is between 50-70 Australian dollars.
Deworming. It usually starts from one and a half months old. The price of anthelmintic is between 10-30 Australian dollars.
Implanting chip. It costs between 40-50 Australian dollars.
Sterilization. The price is generally between 160-220 Australian dollars, and the bitch may be slightly more expensive.
Killing fleas. If there are many fleas on your pet, it needs to take flea control ing medicine. A box of 50 Australian dollars medicine is used once a month, and one box can be used 4 times.
Pet supplies, such as bath supplies, sleeping cots, blankets, etc.
Pet insurance. It is now not only expensive for humans, but also for pets. So many people also buy a pet insurance for their pets.